Analysis of Ethical Issues

Publication | 30 June 2022

In short

Based on literature studies, original research, expert consultation, and digital ethnographies, this report provides in-depth analysis of ethical issues raised by the three technology families TechEthos is focusing on: Digital eXtended Reality, including the techniques of visually eXtended Reality (XR) and the techniques of Natural Language Processing (NLP); Neurotechnologies; and Climate Engineering, including Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) and Solar Radiation Management (SRM).

For each technology family, this report:

  • Briefly presents various technologies belonging to the technology family;
  • Describes key applications and use cases;
  • Identifies core ethical dilemmas and provides conceptual arguments for understanding the nature, history and significance of these dilemmas;
  • Identifies ethical values and principles in line with the “ethics by design” methodology and provides a contextualized discussion of the impact of the technology family on each value and principle;
  • Outlines arguments for possible mitigation strategies with regard to each value or principle; and
  • Provides operational checks and balances with regard to each value or principle, in the form of questions to be asked by designers, policy makers, and users of particular technologies.
  • Authors

    Laurynas Adomaitis, Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA), Alexei Grinbaum, CEA, Dominic Lenzi , University of Twente (TU)

    Date of publication

    30 June 2022


    Deliverable accepted by the European Commission

    Cite this resource

    Adomaitis, L., Grinbaum, A., Lenzi, D. (2022). TechEthos D2.2: Identification and specification of potential ethical issues and impacts and analysis of ethical issues of digital extended reality, neurotechnologies, and climate engineering. TechEthos Project Deliverable. Available at:


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TechEthos has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement no. 101006249. This website and its contents reflect only their authors' view. The Research Executive Agency and the European Commission are not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained herein.