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Analysis of Ethical Issues

Publication | 30 June 2022

In short

Based on literature studies, original research, expert consultation, and digital ethnographies, this report provides in-depth analysis of ethical issues raised by the three technology families TechEthos is focusing on: Digital eXtended Reality, including the techniques of visually eXtended Reality (XR) and the techniques of Natural Language Processing (NLP); Neurotechnologies; and Climate Engineering, including Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) and Solar Radiation Management (SRM).

For each technology family, this report:

  • Briefly presents various technologies belonging to the technology family;
  • Describes key applications and use cases;
  • Identifies core ethical dilemmas and provides conceptual arguments for understanding the nature, history and significance of these dilemmas;
  • Identifies ethical values and principles in line with the “ethics by design” methodology and provides a contextualized discussion of the impact of the technology family on each value and principle;
  • Outlines arguments for possible mitigation strategies with regard to each value or principle; and
  • Provides operational checks and balances with regard to each value or principle, in the form of questions to be asked by designers, policy makers, and users of particular technologies.
  • Authors

    Laurynas Adomaitis, Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA), Alexei Grinbaum, CEA, Dominic Lenzi , University of Twente (TU)

    Date of publication

    30 June 2022


    Deliverable accepted by the European Commission

    Cite this resource

    Adomaitis, L., Grinbaum, A., Lenzi, D. (2022). TechEthos D2.2: Identification and specification of potential ethical issues and impacts and analysis of ethical issues of digital extended reality, neurotechnologies, and climate engineering. TechEthos Project Deliverable. Available at:


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