Ethical frameworks outline general or specific principles to which countries, organizations, or research communities hold themselves to account. They tend to be adopted in situations where no or limited regulations exist, and groups of people want to influence the direction of a field by acting responsibly in a more coordinated fashion. Compliance with frameworks is usually motivated by social pressure and rewards; formal sanctions are rarer.
Cannizzaro, S., Brooks, L., Richardson, K., Umbrello, S., Bernstein, M., Adomaitis, L., (2021). Methodology for ethical analysis, scan results of existing ethical codes and guidelines. TechEthos Project Deliverable. Available here.
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